Idea that the structure and rules of a language influences how its speakers see the world. There are 2 different versions to this theory.
Language determines thought --> linguistic categories limit/define cognitive categoriesEdit Remove Move
Language influences thought and some non-linguistic behaviorEdit Remove Move
Do we see colors differently based on the number of color words we have in our language?Edit Remove Move
From the "Sapir-Whorf hypothesis" to modern psychology, get a quick feel for this ongoing debate. Is language about grammatical universals like nouns and verbs? What's the relationship between language and culture?Edit Remove Move
Some researchers have (sometimes inadvertently) found support for this theory in their research. There are multiple examples of this but a recent one is the Balinese language test by Wassman and Dasen (1998). "The use of an absolute reference system based on geographic points on the island in the Balinese language correlates to the significant cultural importance of these points to the people." They spatially orient themselves differently than Westerners do.
Since its inception in the 1920s and 1930s, the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis has caused controversy and spawned research in a variety of disciplines including linguistics, psychology, philosophy, anthropology, and education. Edward Sapir and Benjamin Lee Whorf brought attention to the relationship between language, thought, and culture. Neither of them formally wrote the hypothesis nor supported...Edit Remove Move