Nuts & Bolts of Lesson Planning

Lesson plans are the foundations of good teaching - they the "bones" of your lesson, what gives your activities organization and structure. While lesson plan formats may vary depending on a school district's requirements, there are essential elements that remain universal. Browse through these ideas to plan your way to success!

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    Start with the Objective

    Think you start planning by brainstorming an introductary activity?Think again!  Identifying your objective FIRST can make your entire lesson more cohesive. Depending on your school's format, you will have to create an objective that aligns with either a state, Common Core (national), or district standard. Since every other aspect of your lesson needs to be geared towards meeting that standard, it is essential to develop a strong objective from moment you start planning. 

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    Pick an Assessment that Matches your Objectives

    Now that you know WHAT you would like your students to know (the objective), it is time to select HOW you know they've gain that knowledge (the assessment). <br><br>Integrate two types of assessments:<br><ul><li>Formative: this type includes shorter, frequent assessment done throughout instruction. Formative assessments are not for grading; rather, they help the educator identify what concepts&nbsp;to re-teach and what students are struggling with.&nbsp;</li><li>Summative: This type encompasses more traditional&nbsp;definitions&nbsp;of assessment: these are the tests and projects conducted at the end of a unit. These are meant to assign a value judgement to student learning (or, in everyday terms, give grades :)</li></ul><br>

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    Classroom Activities

    Now that you have the core of your plan thought out, it's time to plan activities! Depending on your subject, grade level,&nbsp;and what's best for your students, these can be interactive activities or lecture-based. Many schools may have cirriculums that prescribe that certain activities be conducted when teaching certain topics.&nbsp; No matter what type of activities you choose or are asked to conduct, be sure that they are appropriate for your desired objective and your&nbsp;&nbsp;students' developmental levels. Also, be sure to be very detailed when writing the directions for the activities. A good rule is to ask yourself, "If a substitute walked in and read this plan, would they be able to clearly explain and carry out this activity properly?"&nbsp;&nbsp;If you would like to get inspiration for activities, check out my other toolset on resources or visit the JumpStart website (linked above).&nbsp;

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